Erscheinungsdatum: 22.04.2019, Medium: Buch, Einband: Gebunden, Titel: Solar Neutrinos, Titelzusatz: Proceedings of the 5th International Solar Neutrino Conference 5th International Solar Neutrino Conference Dresden, Germany, 11 - 14 June 2018, Redaktion: Kai Zuber // Mikko Meyer, Verlag: WSPC, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: SCIENCE // Physics // Astrophysics, Rubrik: Astronomie, Seiten: 586, Informationen: HC gerader Rücken kaschiert, Gewicht: 990 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Solar Neutrinos ab 248.99 € als gebundene Ausgabe: Proceedings of the 5th International Solar Neutrino Conference 5th International Solar Neutrino Conference Dresden Germany 11 - 14 June 2018. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Physik,
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Super-Kamiokande, or Super-K for short, is a neutrino observatory in the city of Hida, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The observatory was designed to search for proton decay, study solar and atmospheric neutrinos, and keep watch for supernovas in the Milky Way Galaxy. The Super-K is located 1,000 m (3,281 ft) underground in Kamioka Mining and Smelting Co.'s Mozumi Mine in Hida's Kamioka area. It consists of a cylindrical stainless steel tank that is 41.4 m (135.8 ft) tall and 39.3 m (128.9 ft) in diameter holding 50,000 tons of ultra-pure water. The tank volume is divided by a stainless steel superstructure into an inner detector (ID) region that is 33.8 m (110.9 ft) in diameter and 36.2 m (118.8 ft) in height and outer detector (OD) which consists of the remaining tank volume. Mounted on the superstructure are 11,146 photomultiplier tubes (PMT) 20 in (50.8 cm) in diameter that face the ID and 1885 8 in (20.3 cm) PMTs that face the OD. There is a Tyvek and blacksheet barrier attached to the superstructure that optically separates the ID and OD.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a neutrino observatory located 6,800 feet (about 2 km) underground in Vale Inco's Creighton Mine in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. The detector was designed to detect solar neutrinos through their interactions with a large tank of heavy water. The detector turned on in May 1999, and was turned off on 28 November 2006. While new data is no longer being taken the SNO collaboration will continue to analyze the data taken during that period for the next several years. The underground laboratory has been enlarged and continues to operate other experiments at SNOLAB. The SNO equipment itself is currently being refurbished for use in the SNO+ experiment.
For many years neutrino was considered a massless particle. The theory of a two-componentneutrino,whichplayedacrucialroleinthecreationofthetheoryof theweakinteraction,isbasedontheassumptionthattheneutrinomassisequalto zero. We now know that neutrinos have nonzero, small masses. In numerous exp- iments with solar, atmospheric, reactor and accelerator neutrinos a new p- nomenon, neutrino oscillations, was observed. Neutrino oscillations (periodic transitionsbetweendifferent?avorneutrinos? ,? ,? )arepossibleonlyifneutrino e ? ? mass-squareddifferencesaredifferentfromzeroandsmalland?avorneutrinosare "mixed". The discovery of neutrino oscillations opened a new era in neutrino physics: an era of investigation of neutrino masses, mixing, magnetic moments and other neutrino properties. After the establishment of the Standard Model of the el- troweak interaction at the end of the seventies, the discovery of neutrino masses was the most important discovery in particle physics. Small neutrino masses cannot be explained by the standard Higgs mechanism of mass generation. For their explanation a new mechanism is needed. Thus, small neutrino masses is the ?rst signature in particle physics of a new beyond the Standard Model physics. It took many years of heroic efforts by many physicists to discover n- trino oscillations. After the ?rst period of investigation of neutrino oscillations, manychallengingproblemsremainedunsolved.Oneofthemostimportantisthe problem of the nature of neutrinos with de?nite masses. Are they Dirac n- trinos possessing a conserved lepton number which distinguish neutrinos and antineutrinos or Majorana neutrinos with identical neutrinos and antineutrinos? Many experiments of the next generation and new neutrino facilities are now under preparation and investigation. There is no doubt that exciting results are ahead.
This new, fourth, edition of Allen's classic Astrophysical Quantities belongs on every astronomer's bookshelf. It has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date by a team of more than ninety internationally renowned astronomers and astrophysicists. While it follows the basic format of the original, this indispensable reference has grown to more than twice the size of the earlier editions to accommodate the great strides made in astronomy and astrophysics. It includes detailed tables of the most recent data on: - General constants and units - Atoms, molecules, and spectra - Observational astronomy at all wavelengths from radio to gamma-rays, and neutrinos - Planetary astronomy: Earth, planets and satellites, and solar system small bodies - The Sun, normal stars, and stars with special characteristics - Stellar populations - Cataclysmic and symbiotic variables, supernovae - Theoretical stellar evolution - Circumstellar and interstellar material - Star clusters, galaxies, quasars, and active galactic nuclei - Clusters and groups of galaxies - Cosmology. As well as much explanatory material and extensive and up-to-date bibliographies.
A guide to the fascinating interplay between particle physics and astronomy that highlights the discovery of neutrino oscillationsWritten by three international experts on the topic, Solar Neutrino Physics offers a review of the status of solar physics with its strong link to neutrino physics. The book explores constitutive physics and the governing equations of standard solar models. The authors also review the theory of neutrinos in the Standard Model and the related detector experiments. The book contains a summary of the results from various experiments and develops a coherent view of the current state-of-the-art of solar neutrino physics. Solar Neutrino Physics shows how solar models can be calibrated with the observational constraints of the age, mass, radius, and luminosity of the sun. The authors present general evolutionary properties of the sun as a star, past and future. They also discuss the solar neutrino production via the pp-chains and CNO-cycle, including the important role of the chemical composition of the sun. A very important source of information about the solar interior is offered by helioseismology, the study of solar oscillations. This important book:-Presents a high-level overview of the field of solar neutrino physics-Brings together data and their interpretation of results obtained at various solar neutrino observatories-Combines the theory of nuclear reactions with solar neutrino experiments-Contains a review of SNO+, JUNO, LENA, Hyper-Kamiokande, and DUNE.Written for astronomers, physicists, and high energy physicists, Solar Neutrino Physics contains a review of the field of neutrino physics, the relevant equations, and the impact of matter on the behavior of neutrino oscillations.
The conference topics include gas-dynamical and numerical modeling/simulations of accreation disks in close binaries, heating and friction mechanisms of accreation disks, impact of large-scale magnetic fields on stellar structure and evolution, radial brightness profiles of spiral galaxies, Active Galactic Nuclei and more specifically the plasma conditions around supermassive black holes, as well as non-equilibrium oscillating neutrinos in the early Universe plasma. Several principal themes motivate the efforts of Conference participants: observations and analysis of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) models and numerical simulations of CMEs, MHD waves and spectral line non-thermal broadening in the solar corona, transverse oscillations of coronal magnetic loops, parametrically unstable Alfvén-cyclotron waves and wave-particle interactions in the solar corona and solar wind, new insights on geomagnetic storms from oberservations and modeling, the relationship between solar wind characteristics and geomagnetic activity Rossby waves in rotating magnetized fluids, and the framework and current developments of the Earth-Moon-Mars radiation environment module. The reported results on accreation disks, coronal mass ejections, and geomagnetic storms are rather new ones.